Canada is situated at the north end of the American continent. Its location ranges from the Atlantic Ocean towards the east, the Pacific Ocean to the western side, and also north to the Arctic Ocean. It occupies almost half the North American territory since it is the second biggest nation after Russia. It borders in the United States to the south, and also to the northwest with its federal state Alaska.
It is stated that the area was ruled by the Inuits. At an archaeological level, there exists proof that the first residents who first arrived at Canada, did so through crossing a land bridge which had created between Asia and Alaska over the last Ice Age around 40,000 years ago (More on: eTA Canada ).
History demonstrates that the first European contact the country got was made because of the pursuit made by the Italian John Cabot, who had been sailing following the instructions of King Henry VII of England. In 1497, Cabot ran in to the eastern Canadian shoreline and also claimed it for the King. This trip, in conjunction with the subsequent one in 1498, gave England the justification to discover a great number of the eastern part of ??North America; in fact, they consequently acquired Newfoundland, Cape Breton and also nearby territories based on the exploits of Cabot.
In 1534, the French traveler, Jacques Cartier, was assigned by King Francisco to have a trip trying to find the Northwest Passage. The idea of ??the king was to uncover riches like all those they had located in Inca and Aztec territory, in other words, they were dedicated to searching for gold above all else, but Cartier only found “stones and a few terrible and sharp rocks” based on what he stated in his diary.
Cartier carried on discovering and arrived on the Gaspé Peninsula (Quebec), in whose property he acquired for France. French people loved their luxurious monopoly for a few years, but in 1670 British came out with the goal of forging a monopoly of the fur trade, that led to a legal argument among those who had on their side the discussions on territory ownership. However, the balance leaned towardsBritain and also France ceded Canada to the English Crown through theTreaty of Paris in 1763.
After that, the Government handed down the Constitutional Law of 1791 that separated the region into two British colonies called Upper Canada (presently southern Ontario) and Lower Canada (presently southern Quebec). Lower Canada maintained French civil laws, however the two provinces were ruled with the British penal code. Each place had its designated ruler and was able to choose its cabinet or even executive council.
Problems increased since the authorities and its council were English however led a generally French assembly, which generated political tension and also rebellions. The suggestions of union soon appeared nonetheless it was not till 1840 that they were raised as legislation. Both colonies soon merged in the state of Canada, governed by the completely new Parliament of Canada as being the sole legal body.
Finally, it acquired its self-government in 1867 and its autonomy in 1931, carrying on to be a Commonwealth kingdom. And also, Newfoundland, that was until then a domain of the United Kingdom, joined Canada in 1949.
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